what is yoga?
Yoga is a physical, mental, and spiritual practice or discipline
which originated in India. There is a broad variety of schools,
practices, and goals in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Among the most
well-known types of yoga are Hatha yoga and Raja yoga.
The origins of yoga have been speculated to date back to pre-Vedic
Indian traditions, it is mentioned in the Rigveda, but most likely
developed around the sixth and fifth centuries BCE, in ancient India’s
ascetic and śramaṇa movements. The chronology of earliest texts
describing yoga-practices is unclear, varyingly credited to Hindu
Upanishads and Buddhist Pāli Canon, probably of third century BCE or
later. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali date from the first half of the 1st
millennium CE, but only gained prominence in the West in the 20th
century. Hatha yoga texts emerged around the 11th century with origins